Treasures of Mt. Takao

Mt Takao is located at the borderline of warm-temperature zone and cool-temperature zone and various plants from both zones grow. There are a lot of naturally grown plants and their visitors can enjoy seasonal flowers. Over 1,500 kinds of plants are confirmed which is relevant to the number of kinds naturally grow in England. Also, over 60 kinds of plants are first found in Mt. Takao such as Takao Sumire (V. yezoensis f. discolor) and Takao Higodai (Saussurea sinuatoides).

Viola grypoceras
Viola grypoceras Violaceae
They are a perennial plant that grows at various places such as the roadside around human habitations and in the forest in the mountain district. (Perennial plant takes several years to grow). As the period that they blossom is longer, we often see them. This is why they are so popular among Violaceae. The stem expanding on the ground multiplies its roots by branching many times. The flower is pale purple color about 1 to 2 cm in diameter, sometimes they are white. The bottom flower petal and the blossom sideway are striped in purple color. The leaves are heart-shaped with the a little sharp tip, about 1 to 4 cm long, and the small leaf stipule (Takuyou) with a split like a teeth of a comb at the leafstalk (Youhei) grow. Tubular nectary or spur (Kyo: a portion of outpunching behind the flower petal) is thin about 6 to 8 mm long. Their height of the blossom season is about 15 cm high, but when the flower withers, they become 30 cm high. This is how their ‘standing’ appearance derives their name ‘Viola grypoceras’.

●Season Late March to about Mid May
●Height about 5 to 15 cm
●Place Trail 1, Trail 3to6, Mt.Inari, Jyataki, Ura-Takao, Minami-Takao
※Quotation from Mount Takao formula application
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