Treasures of Mt. Takao

Mt Takao is located at the borderline of warm-temperature zone and cool-temperature zone and various plants from both zones grow. There are a lot of naturally grown plants and their visitors can enjoy seasonal flowers. Over 1,500 kinds of plants are confirmed which is relevant to the number of kinds naturally grow in England. Also, over 60 kinds of plants are first found in Mt. Takao such as Takao Sumire (V. yezoensis f. discolor) and Takao Higodai (Saussurea sinuatoides).

Eurha japonica
Eurha japonica Theaceae
They are common deciduous small trees or shrubs that grow wild at the mountain areas. Cortex is tinged with gray-brown or black ash color, smooth feeling to touch, but is irregularly finely wrinkled a lot. The trunk grows to be about 20 cm wide. They are also planted for garden trees, green hedges, and park trees. Their wood building materials are so compact tissue that they are utilized for appliance material. The leaves are elliptically-shaped about 3 to 8 cm long, about 1.5 to 3 cm wide with the sharp top as well as a sawtooth (Kyoshi: tooth-like rough part like a saw at the root of a leaf) at the edge. Their characteristic is the leaves are thick and shiny, hard feeling to touch. The blossom, seasons are March to April, and a dioecious plant (Shiyuuisyu). They bear 1 to 3 of the small bell-shaped flowers downwards beside the leaves. The flowers are about 5 to 6 mm with female flowers being s little smaller than male flowers. The flower is tinged with yellowish white and has a particular odor. The seeds are a spherical shape about 4 to 5 mm in diameter, and get matured in October to November to turn into black-purple.

●Height about 3 to 7 m
●Place Trail 1 to 3
※Quotation from Mount Takao formula application
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