Treasures of Mt. Takao

Mt Takao is located at the borderline of warm-temperature zone and cool-temperature zone and various plants from both zones grow. There are a lot of naturally grown plants and their visitors can enjoy seasonal flowers. Over 1,500 kinds of plants are confirmed which is relevant to the number of kinds naturally grow in England. Also, over 60 kinds of plants are first found in Mt. Takao such as Takao Sumire (V. yezoensis f. discolor) and Takao Higodai (Saussurea sinuatoides).

Zelkova serrata
Zelkova serrata Ulmaceae
They are an evergreen tree that grows wild around hilly district and low mountain areas. Cortex is grayish white in color and smooth feeling to touch with many small rounded lenticels. Cortexes of the old trees are peeled off to be scale-like The trunk grows to be 1.5 m wide. The branch is tinged with dark brown, finely buckle up with minute white trichome. Their wood building materials is beautiful for the wood grain and accurate with no wood warps, and so is also utilized for construction of temples and shrines, rice mortar, lacquered tableware, and others. The leaves are thin and long egged-shaped about 3 - 7 centimeters long, about 1 to 2.5 cm wide with the sharp top as well as a sawtooth (Kyoshi: tooth-like rough part like a saw at the root of a leaf) at the edge. Their characteristic is the leaves are shiny on the surface and rough feeling to touch. The blossom seasons are about April to May and monoecious plant. Small female flowers gather to bloom beside the bottom leaf of a new branch, while 1 to 3 of female flowers bloom at the upper branch. The seeds are a distorted angulated spherical shape about 4 to 5 mm in diameter, and get matured in October into dark brown color.

●Height about 20 to 30 m
●Place Trail 1 to 4, Trail 6, Ura-Takao
※Quotation from Mount Takao formula application
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