TAKAO 599 MUSEUM

Treasures of Mt. Takao

Selected

Takao 599 museum has all kinds of animals inhabit in Mt. Takao in various ways of exhibitions such as seasonal wild plants preserved in acrylic and all kinds of animals specimens inhibits in Mt. Takao. On the "NATURE WALL," stuffed animals are displayed and shows the movie to introduce the dynamic nature of Mt. Takao.

  • Papilio xuthus(Asian Swallowtail) Papilionidae
    Papilio xuthus(Asian Swallowtail)
    Papilio xuthus(Asian Swallowtail) Papilionidae
    Main Region: Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Okinawa, Sado Island and Yaku Island.
    Well-known butterfly and often seen in residential areas in cities as well as suburban areas because caterpillars feed on plants in rutaceae family which often planted at gardens or hedges.
    This species is so-called swallowtails.
    Fly to sunny trees and grasslands and feed on nectar of ericaceae, cirsium and cayratia japonica.
    Color of wings is less yellowish yellow-white to white than papilio machaon.
    Black lines along wing veins create complicated patterns.
    Have blue and red patterns at the bottom of hind wings.
    The difference between male and female is the tip of abdomen, male is sharp-shaped because of the reproductive organs and female is more round-shaped.

    ●Wingspan (length when fore wings are open)  about 65 to 90 mm
    ●Adult Flight Season  April to about October
  • Papilio machaon (Old World Swallowtail) Papilionidae
    Papilio machaon (Old World Swallowtail)
    Papilio machaon (Old World Swallowtail) Papilionidae
    Main Region: Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Sado Island, Goto Islands and Yaku Island.
    Prefer sunny grasslands and paddy fields from flatlands to mountains.
    Often seen at parks and residential areas in cities.
    Adults are also found from flatlands to high lands of 3000 meters elevations, thus living area varies to different elevations.
    Fly to green grasslands during the daytime and feed on nectar of ericaceae and cirsium.
    Caterpillars feed on leaves of plants in apiaceae family including water dropwort javanica and parsleys.
    Body is similar to swallowtail but can be distinguished by the wing color, which more strong yellow as the Japanese name Ki-ageha literally meaning yellow swallowtail states.
    And at the base of wings are black without any patterns.
    Male holds territory at high elevations, and is often seen around mountain peak.

    ●Wingspan  about 70 to 90 mm
    ●Adult Flight Season  April to about September
  • Papilio protenor (Spangle) Papilionidae
    Papilio protenor (Spangle)
    Papilio protenor (Spangle) Papilionidae
    Main Region: Honshu (South of southern Tohoku area), Shikoku, Kyushu, Okinawa and Yaeyama Islands.
    Prefer shadowy areas and found in woody forests, sometimes seen at parks and residential areas in cities.
    In Mt. Takao, often found at mountain trails.
    Body color is mat black and tails at the lower tips of hind wings are smaller than other species in papilionidae.
    Do not have strong characteristics so it is easy to identify.
    On the back of hind wings, male has red spots only on the back and female has them on both sides.
    Fly to shady area avoiding sun and feed on nectar of plants in ericaceae family.
    Caterpillars feed on leaves of plants in rutaceae family.

    ●Wingspan  about 80 to 120 mm
    ●Adult Flight Season  April to about October
  • Papilio macilentus (The Long Tail Spangle) Papilionidae
    Papilio macilentus (The Long Tail Spangle)
    Papilio macilentus (The Long Tail Spangle) Papilionidae
    Main Region: Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Okushiri Island, Sado Island and Shodo Island.
    Found in woods on hills or at streamsides in mountains.
    Wings are shiny black and have crescent moon-shaped red patterns on edges of hind wings.
    These patterns on female are more distinct.
    Only male have white front edges of hind wings but this is often covered by fore wings.
    Similar to papilio protenor but this species have long tails as Japanese name Onaga-ageha literally meaning long tail swallowtail states.
    Fly around streamsides in mountains and feed on nectar from azalea and lilium medeoloides.
    Caterpillars feed on leaves of orixa japonica and Japanese pepper.
    Only male suck waters at paddles and swamps sometimes do in groups.

    ●Wingspan  about 90 to 110 mm
    ●Adult Flight Season  April to about September
  • Papilio bianor (Chinese Peacock) Papilionidae
    Papilio bianor (Chinese Peacock)
    Papilio bianor (Chinese Peacock) Papilionidae
    Main Region: Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and other isolated islands including Goto Islands.
    Found in forests from flatlands to mountains.
    Wing color is black and covered by blue-green scales and the colors and brightness differ by viewing angles and are very beautiful.
    The back of wings is black with red spots on hind wings.
    Male has mat and hairy part on fore wings that are to distinguish male from female.
    Is active during daytime and fly fast and feed on nectar of plants in ericaceae family and moss phlox.
    Caterpillars feed on leaves of orixa japonica and Japanese pepper.
    Only male suck fresh water on mountain trails in Mt. Takao.
    Male in papilionidae family fly on the same route regularly, which is called flyway.

    ●Wingspan  about 80 to 110 mm
    ●Adult Flight Season  April to about September
  • Papilio maackii(Maackii Peacock) Papilionidae
    Papilio maackii(Maackii Peacock)
    Papilio maackii(Maackii Peacock) Papilionidae
    Main Region: Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Okinawa, Sado Island, Tanega Island and Yaku Island.
    Found in forests from low elevations to mountains, also in woods along coastline.
    Is not too appealing but very beautiful with black wings covered by blue scales creating bright green or deep blue by different viewing angles.
    Some says that this species is the most beautiful butterfly representing Japan.
    Bright belt-like colors on the back of fore and hind wings are to distinguish them from similar papilio bianor but some species have less distinct patterns.
    Male fly to various kinds of places, even at mountain peaks and adults feed on nectar of plants in ericaceae family.
    Caterpillars feed on leaves of Japanese prickly-ash.

    ●Wingspan  about 90 to 120 mm
    ●Adult Flight Season  May to about September
  • Byasa alcinous (Chinese Windmill) Papilionidae
    Byasa alcinous (Chinese Windmill)
    Byasa alcinous (Chinese Windmill) Papilionidae
    Main Region: Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Okinawa, Goto Islands, Yaku Island and Amami Islands.
    Found in various places from bright areas of riverbeds and grassland in flatlands to woody areas and forests from flatlands to mountains.
    Wing colors differ by sex, male is mat smoky black and female is yellow-gray to dark-gray with distinct black wing veins.
    Both male and female have crescent moon-shaped red patterns on the back of hind wings.
    Caterpillars feed on aristolochia debilis that are poisonous and the body of caterpillars with red patterns display that they are also poisonous.
    Is active during daytime and feed on nectar from plants in ericaceae family, deutzia crenata and in Cirsium family.
    Japanese name Jyako-ageha literally meaning musk swallowtail was named because male adults are musk-scented.

    ●Wingspan  about 75 to 100 mm
    ●Adult Flight Season  May to about September
  • Papilio helenus (Red Helen) Papilionidae
    Papilio helenus (Red Helen)
    Papilio helenus (Red Helen) Papilionidae
    Main Region: Honshu (South of Miyagi prefecture), Shikoku, Kyushu, Okinawa, Goto Islands, Yaku Island and Tanega Island.
    Is the largest butterfly in Japan.
    Found in woody and shady areas from flatlands to mountains.
    Have large yellow-white pattern on hind wings and Japanese name Monki-ageha literally meaning yellow pattern swallowtail comes from this color and patterns.
    Also have red spots at edges of hind wings and female ones are more distinct.
    Is active during daytime, fly in woods and feed on nectar of deutzia crenata, clerodendrum trichotomum and red spider lily.
    Caterpillars feed on leaves of Japanese Prickly-ash.
    Male holds own flyway at streamsides.
    Female body is larger than male.

    Wingspan  about 110 to 140 mm
    Adult Flight Season  May to about September
  • Graphium sarpedon (Common Bluebottle) Papilionidae
    Graphium sarpedon (Common Bluebottle)
    Graphium sarpedon (Common Bluebottle) Papilionidae
    Main Region: Warm climate areas of Honshu (South of southern Tohoku region), Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa.
    Found in forests from flatlands to low elevations.
    Have very distinct light blue belt-like pattern on black wings with red or orange spots on back of wings that are not too appealing while flying.
    Found at parks in cities because caterpillars feed on leaves of camphor laurel often planted as street trees.
    Fly fast during daytime and feed on nectar of annual fleabane and cayratia japonica.
    Male suck water in summer and often seen in groups at watersides.

    Wingspan  about 50 to 60 mm
    Adult Flight Season  May to about October
  • Parnassius citrinarius (Glacial Apollo, Japanese Clouded Apollo) Papilionidae
    Parnassius citrinarius (Glacial Apollo, Japanese Clouded Apollo)
    Parnassius citrinarius (Glacial Apollo, Japanese Clouded Apollo) Papilionidae
    Main Region: Hokkaido, Honshu and Shikoku.
    Found in forests, grasslands and farmland from flatlands to mountains.
    Japanese name with the word shirocho meaning pieridae but they are in papilionidae family not in pieridae family like small white.
    White colored wings have some transparent parts with distinct black wing veins that are unique and beautiful.
    Thorax and abdomen are covered with long yellow hairs.
    During the daytime, fly slowly in open grasslands and feed on nectar of welsh onion, Astragalus sinicus (Chinese milk vetch), annual fleabane and daikon.
    Appear for a short time annually from April to about May.
    Caterpillars feed on corydalis incisa and corydalis lineariloba.

    Wingspan  about 50 to 60 mm
    Adult Flight Season  April to about May
  • Pieris melete Pieridae
    Pieris melete
    Pieris melete Pieridae
    Main Region: Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Yaku Island and Tanega Island.
    Found in various kinds of places including green spaces and streamsides in forests from flatlands to mountains, in cities, parks and farmland.
    Wing color is white on the front and white to light yellow-white on the back.
    Similar to small white, but this species can be distinguished by the distinct black lines along wing veins, hence its Japanese name Sujiguro-Shirocho literally meaning black line white butterfly.
    During daytime, fly over grasslands or riversides and feed on nectar of dandelion and boneset.
    Is seen from cherry blossoms season.
    Caterpillars feed on leaves in brassicaceae family including variableleaf yellowcress.

    ●Wingspan  about 50 to 60 mm
    ●Adult Flight Season  April to about October
  • Pieris rapae (Small White) Pieridae
    Pieris rapae (Small White)
    Pieris rapae (Small White) Pieridae
    Main Region: Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Okinawa and islands including Yaku Island and Ishigaki Island.
    Found in sunny forests and grasslands from flatlands to low elevations.
    Are well known for the caterpillars feed on leaves of cabbages and often seen around farmland, riverbeds and even at parks in cities.
    Main foods for adults are nectar of annual fleabane and dandelion.
    Fly over farmlands or open green spaces for nectar of flowers.
    Wing color is white on the front with distinct black spots in the middle of fore wings.
    Is yellow on the back but female has deeper color than male.
    Is seen from early spring to late autumn.

    ●Wingspan  about 45 to 50 mm
    ●Adult Flight Season  March to about November
  • Colias erate (Eastern Pale Clouded Yellow) Pieridae
    Colias erate (Eastern Pale Clouded Yellow)
    Colias erate (Eastern Pale Clouded Yellow) Pieridae
    Main Region: Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Okinawa and islands including Yaku Island and Ishigaki Island.
    Found in grasslands from flatlands to low elevations.
    Have wide range of habitat including city centers, parks and rivers in Tokyo.
    Wing color is yellow with black spots in the center as the Japanese name Monki-cho literally meaning spotted yellow butterfly states.
    Female body colors are in two types, yellow and white.
    During daytime, fly closer to the ground over open green spaces and rivers in flatlands and feed on nectar of Philadelphia fleabane, annual fleabane and dandelion.
    Only male sucks water.
    Caterpillars feed on plants of fabaceae family including red clover and white clover.
    Is seen for long time from early spring to late autumn.

    ●Wingspan  about 40 to 50 mm
    ●Adult Flight Season  April to about November
  • Anthocharis scolymus Pieridae
    Anthocharis scolymus
    Anthocharis scolymus Pieridae
    Main Region: Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Sado Island and Nansei Islands.
    Found in forests, grasslands and riverbeds from flatlands to low elevations.
    Wing color is white with black spots on the front and tip of fore wings are yellow and pointed, hence Japanese name Tsumaki-cho literally meaning corner pointed yellow butterfly.
    This yellow edge only applies for male and female does not.
    Have irregular green patterns on the back of wings resembling dead leaves.
    Flying style is unique and fly straight over grasslands and riverbeds and feed on nectar of dandelion and corydalis incisa.
    Caterpillars feed on brassicaceae including variableleaf yellowcress and shepherd's purse.
    Is only seen during spring season.

    ●Wingspan  about 45 to 50 mm
    ●Adult Flight Season  March to about May
  • Vanessa indica(Indian Red Admiral) Nymphalidae
    Vanessa indica(Indian Red Admiral)
    Vanessa indica(Indian Red Admiral) Nymphalidae
    Main Region: Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Nansei Islands.
    Often found in various kinds of places from flatlands to mountains including coastlines, grasslands in high elevations, residential areas and cities.
    Fore wings are strong reddish orange as the Japanese name Aka-tateha literally meaning red-nymphalidae states, with black tips with white spots.
    Hind wings are deep brown with orange edges on the bottom.
    Back of fore wings is quite similar to the front but some have blue spots with spider web-like complicated patterns.
    Adults fly to flowers of cirsium family and clethra barbinervis for nectar, trees for sap and rotten fruits.
    Caterpillars feed on leaves of plants in urticaceae family including ramie and boehmeria japonica, and ulmaceae family including Japanese zelkova.

    ●Wingspan  about 55 to 60 mm
    ●Adult Flight Season  March to about November
※Quotation from Mount Takao formula application
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