TAKAO 599 MUSEUM

Treasures of Mt. Takao

Selected

Takao 599 museum has all kinds of animals inhabit in Mt. Takao in various ways of exhibitions such as seasonal wild plants preserved in acrylic and all kinds of animals specimens inhibits in Mt. Takao. On the "NATURE WALL," stuffed animals are displayed and shows the movie to introduce the dynamic nature of Mt. Takao.

  • Motacilla cinerea (Grey Wagtail) Grey Wagtail
    Motacilla cinerea (Grey Wagtail)
    Motacilla cinerea (Grey Wagtail) Selected
    Live at waterside including rivers, ponds and lakes and prefer streams the best. Sometimes come to parks in cities. The body shape is skinny with long tail. The color of body for male and female is almost the same and gray on the back, yellow on the chest and white on throat but it turns to black on male during summer. Live alone except breeding season. Walk bustling while swinging tail up and down. Feed on aquatic insects hidden in water and under rocks. Male chirps sounding like “chi chi chi” on roofs or electric wires. Build a nest with twigs and fallen plants on space between rocks and ceilings and lay four to six eggs in a season.

    ●Body Length  about 20 cm
    ●Season  January to December (resident bird, bird that stay in the same area all year round, and wandering bird, bird that have different areas for breeding and spending winter)

    (未翻訳)鳴き声を聞く

  • Motacilla grandis (Japanese Wagtail) Japanese Wagtai
    Motacilla grandis (Japanese Wagtail)
    Motacilla grandis (Japanese Wagtail) Selected
    Is a family of wagtail native to Japan. Live near upstream and shoreside of ponds or lakes. The body color resembles white wagtail and but black face with white eyebrow-like line is different. Body color of male and female is almost the same but male have darker shades. Stay alone or in pairs during daytime but are in a small group at night and roost in trees or ceilings. Swing tail up and own and walk around with a quick pace and feed on earthworms and insects. The breeding season is from March to July. Male chirps “choc ho joy joy joy”. Build a cup-shaped nest with fallen leaves in dip in riverbank and space between buildings. Lay four to five eggs in a season. After nestling, live in pairs to spent winter.

    ●Body Length  about 21 cm
    ●Season  January to December (resident bird, bird that stay in the same area all year round.)
  • Eophona personata (Japanese Grosbeak) Japanese Grosbeak
    Eophona personata (Japanese Grosbeak)
    Eophona personata (Japanese Grosbeak) Selected
    Live in forests from flatlands to low elevations and found in Mt. Takao throughout a year. The color of body for male and female is almost the same and black head, long tail and thick and large yellow bills are distinct. Chirp like whistles but also sounds like “tsu kee hee ho shi”, thus it is sometimes called as Japanese paradise flycatcher. Mainly live on trees and feed on soft fruits and buds of trees including aphananthe and Chinese sumac. Sometimes jump on the ground and feed on seeds of plants. Hard seeds are cracked using bills. The breeding season is from mid May to early July. Build a cup-shaped nest with stems and roots on branches of tall trees and lay three to four eggs in a season. From autumn to winter, come down to woods and croplands near residential areas to hunt for preys.

    ●Body Length  about 23 cm
    ●Season  January to December (resident bird, bird that stay in the same area all year round, and wandering bird, bird that have different areas for breeding and spending winter)

    (未翻訳)鳴き声を聞く

  • Emberiza rustica (Rustic Bunting) Grey Bunting
    Emberiza rustica (Rustic Bunting)
    Emberiza rustica (Rustic Bunting) Selected
    Fly back to Japan in autumn from breeding ground in Siberia. The Japanese name Kashira-daka literally meaning tall head was named because the feathers on heads are upright and looks tall. It also looks like Mohican haircut. Is very similar to Siberian meadow bunting but it is easy to identify the difference by looking at their heads. In winter, head and cheeks are brown in winter but in summer head is black with white stripe over the eye. Found in riverbeds, croplands and woods from flatlands to mountains. Live in a small group. Gather at the open space near forests and jump around and feed on seeds of plants. When surprised, jump to branches and upright feathers on the head. Chirp sounding like “chi” and “pee chuku pee chuku” in spring.

    ●Body Length  about 15 cm
    ●Season  November to March (Winter bird, fly to Japan in autumn and spend winter and fly away in spring.)
  • Emberiza spodocephala (Black-faced Bunting) Grey Bunting
    Emberiza spodocephala (Black-faced Bunting)
    Emberiza spodocephala (Black-faced Bunting) Selected
    Change habitat by season. In autumn fly down south for warmer climate and fly to Mt. Takao as a winter bird (fly to Japan in autumn and spend winter and fly away in spring). Birds in the same family with Siberian meadow bunting have brown body but this species is yellowish. Found in shady woods, bamboo shrubs and reed bushes. Live in a small group. Walk and jump around and feed on seeds of plants, insects and spiders. The breeding season is from May to August. Build a cup-shaped nest with dead leaves and bent stems on branches close to the ground. Lay four to five eggs in a season. In winter, come down to plants at parks in cities for preys.

    ●Body Length  about 16 cm
    ●Season  November to March (wandering bird, bird that have different areas for breeding and spending winter)

    (未翻訳)鳴き声を聞く

  • Emberiza variabilis (Grey Bunting) Grey Bunting
    Emberiza variabilis (Grey Bunting)
    Emberiza variabilis (Grey Bunting) Selected
    Live in flatlands and mountains in Hokkaido and northern parts of Honshu from spring to summer, but come down south in autumn. Fly to Mt. Takao as a winter birds (fly to Japan in autumn and spend winter and fly away in spring). The body color of male is dark gray and female is black brown, hence the Japanese name Kuroji literally meaning black base color. Prefer shady and dark environment and jump around sasa shrubs or bushes of plants. Is a very careful bird, even if they come out to forest trails but hide immediately in bushes when sensing danger. Feed on seeds of plants and also insects and spiders. The breeding season is June. Male come out to bright and open space on branch and chirp “ho-I ci ci ci”. Build a cup-shaped nest with fallen leaves in bamboo shrubs and lay three to five eggs.

    ●Body Length  about 17 cm
    ●Season  November to March (wandering bird, bird that have different areas for breeding and spending winter)

    (未翻訳)鳴き声を聞く

  • Macaca fuscata (Japanese Macaque) Macaca fuscata
    Macaca fuscata (Japanese Macaque)
    Macaca fuscata (Japanese Macaque) Selected
    Main region: Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu. The ones live in Shimokita peninsula in Aomori prefectures are widely known as the World’s northernmost monkeys (Hokugen-no-saru in Japanese). Found in forests in mountains. In Mt. Takao, there are wild species and sometimes found them in groups at mountain trails. Red face and red bottom is very distinctive. Normally live in large groups called troop consists of several males and hundreds of female and children. Thus, there is a possibility of finding many monkeys when encountering just one monkey. Are omnivores and mainly feed on vegetables. Feed on leaves and sprouts of plants, fruits and insects and even barks of trees in winter when there are limited foods. Have cheek pouches, where food is stuffed temporarily.

    ●Body Length  about 47 to 70 cm
    ●Season  All year
  • Sus scrofa leucomystax (Japanese Wild Boar) Japanese Wild Boar
    Sus scrofa leucomystax (Japanese Wild Boar)
    Sus scrofa leucomystax (Japanese Wild Boar) Selected
    Main region: Honshu (West of Kanto area), Shikoku and Kyushu. Found in woodlands in satoyama (satoyama is where residential area and woodlands coexists in rural area) and forests in mountains. The color of hair is gray-brown to light black or brown. The wild boar piglets have stripe patterns and often called as “Uribo (wild boar piglet)”. Are active at night. Dig up the ground with snouts and feed on roots of plants, insects and earthworms. Their sense of smell is well developed which enable them to look for potatoes in soils with snout. Have unique habit called Nuta (nota)-uchi literally meaning to wallow in muds. This is to scrape off parasites by bathing in the muds or swampy areas they created. In Mt. Takao, sometimes these swampy areas where wild boars wallowed could be found near mountain trails.

    ●Body Length  about 140 cm
    ●Season  All year
  • Meles meles anakuma (Japanese Badger) Japanese Badger
    Meles meles anakuma (Japanese Badger)
    Meles meles anakuma (Japanese Badger) Selected

    Main region: Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu.  Found in forests from low elevations to mountains.  The other name is Mujina in Japanese but often mixed up with raccoon dog as they are also called as Mujina in some places in Japan.  Both badger and raccoon dog are very similar in appearance and habit, however raccoon dog is in canidae family that is not a closely related species.  The Japanese name is Nihon-anaguma has the word bear (guma) but they are not in the same family with bears.  Are good at digging holes as Anaguma literally meaning hall digging bear states.  Create 10 to 20 meters long tunnel in underground and lairs by using sharp nails.  Rest in lairs during daytime and become active at night.  Walk around mountains and feed on acorns, fruits, earthworms, insects, frogs and snails.

    ●Body Length  about 44 to 68 cm
    ●Season  April to November

  • Sciurus lis (Japanese Squirrel) Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel
    Sciurus lis (Japanese Squirrel)
    Sciurus lis (Japanese Squirrel) Selected
    Main region: Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. Rarely seen in Kyushu and Chugoku region due to deteriorated habitat. Found in forests in low elevations. Live mostly on trees but often come down to the ground. Create spherical shaped dreys with small branches and moss at spaces between branches. Are active in early morning and late afternoon but sometimes found at mountain trails. Feed on nuts and buds of trees and store a number of acorns in soils for the foods during winter. Have distinct long tails and look very cute when holding acorns and walnuts to eat. Sometimes, they jump more than 10 meters and move from branches to branches.

    ●Body Length  about 20 cm
    ●Season  all year round
  • Petaurista leucogenys (Japanese Giant Flying Squirrel) Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel
    Petaurista leucogenys (Japanese Giant Flying Squirrel)
    Petaurista leucogenys (Japanese Giant Flying Squirrel) Selected
    Main region: Honshu, Shikoku and some part of Kyushu. Found in forests from flatlands to mountains. Are well known as gliding mammals. Glide like a glider from a tree to a tree by stretching wings covering their body and feed on leaves, buds, flowers and seeds of trees. With well-developed gliding ability, glide over 100 meters. Live mostly on trees and rest in a nest created in hollows and holes of big trees during daytime. Become active after sunset and hunt for prey. In Mt. Takao, often found around Yakuoin and a tour with guide is organized.

    ●Body Length about 34 to 50 cm
    ●Season  All year
  • Pteromys momonga (Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel) Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel
    Pteromys momonga (Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel)
    Pteromys momonga (Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel) Selected
    Main region: Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu. Found in forests in mountains. Have distinct big round eyes and glide by stretching wings like giant flying squirrels. Flight distance is normally 20 to 30 meters but sometimes glide over 100 meters and their flight ability is like giant flying squirrels. Live mostly on trees and become active at night and feed on leaves, buds, fruits, seeds and barks of trees by gliding from trees to trees. The body size is a lot smaller than giant flying squirrels and they are twice as large in body length and 10 times heavier in weight.

    ●Body Length about 14 to 20 cm
    ●Season   All year
  • Apodemus speciosus (Large Japanese Field Mouse) Muridae
    Apodemus speciosus (Large Japanese Field Mouse)
    Apodemus speciosus (Large Japanese Field Mouse) Selected
    Main region: Hokkaido to Kyushu. This species and small Japanese field mouse are fields mouse native to Japan found in mountains throughout Japan. Small Japanese field mouse live on trees but this species live on ground and do not climb trees. Dig tunnels and nest underground. Feed on fallen seeds, rhizomes and small insects. Tends to store dozens of times the volumes of nuts and seeds including acorns typically consume. The body hair is red-brown as the Japanese name Aka-nezumi literally meaning red-colored rat state. Have distinct big round eyes but are rarely seen during the day because they are mostly active at night. Hind legs are well developed and could walk a couple of kilometers.

    ●Body Length  about 8 to 14 cm
    ●Season  All year
  • Apondemus argenteus (Small Japanese Field Mouse) Muridae
    Apondemus argenteus (Small Japanese Field Mouse)
    Apondemus argenteus (Small Japanese Field Mouse) Selected
    Main region: Throughout Japan including Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Sado Island, Miyake Island and Yaku Island. Field mouse native to Japan found in forests from low to high elevations. Very similar to large Japanese field mouse but the body size is a lot smaller and tail is longer than the length from the head to the ramp. The large Japanese field mouse live on ground but this species live mostly on trees as their body weight is lighter and have flexible tails and thin leg fingers. Balance the body with long tails and move fast even on vines and thin branches. Are semi-arboreal and live up to 10 meters high and sometimes create nests on trees. Feed on acorns, seeds and insects.

    ●Body Length  about 6 to 10 cm
    ●Season  All year
※Quotation from Mount Takao formula application
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